Major Battles in 1812
All Engagements
May 16 - Attack on Ft Moosa (Mose)
Jun 23 - USS President vs. HMS Belvidera
Jul 02 - Capture of Cuyahoga Packet
Jul 04 - Lachine Riots
Jul 17 - Occupation of Sandwich
Aug 16 - Siege of Ft Mackinac
Aug 16 - Siege of Ft Detroit
Aug 19 - USS Constitution vs. HMS Guerriere
Sep 04 - Siege of Ft Harrison
Sep 05 - Siege of Ft Wayne
Sep 21 - Raid on Gananoque
Sep 27 - Raid on Alachua Seminole
Oct 13 - Battle of Queenstown Heights
Oct 18 - USS Wasp vs. HMS Frolic
Oct 25 - USS United States vs. HMS Macedonia
Nov 09 - Attack on Kingston Harbor
Nov 20 - Battle of Lacolle Mills
Dec 17 - Battle of the Mississinewa
Dec 29 - USS Constitution vs. HMS Java
Dec 30 - Battle of Black Rock

Battle of Mississinewa

December 17-18, 1812, Jalapa, Indiana Territory

Battle of Mississinewa
American Forces Commanded by
Lt. Col. John B. Campbell
Strength Killed Wounded Missing/Captured
600 12 48 ??
British / Indian Forces Commanded by
Francis Godfroy, Joe Richardville and Little Thunder
Strength Killed Wounded Missing/Captured
300 24 ? 76
Conclusion: Inconclusive

The Battle of the Mississinewa, also known as Mississineway, was an expedition ordered by Gen. William H. Harrison against Miami Indian villages in response to the attacks on Seige of Fort Wayne and battle of Fort Harrison in the Indiana Territory.

After receiving permission from Secretary of War William Eustis, Harrison ordered Lt. Col. John B. Campbell to lead an expedition into Indiana. Campbell’s objective was to destroy the Miami villages along the Mississinewa River. Campbell’s force of 600 mounted troops departed from Fort Greenville on December 14 and travled 80 miles during the middle of winter and reached the Miami village on December 17. Attacking the village, the mounted force took the Indians by surprise taking 76 prisoners including 34 women and children.

Later that day having accomplished his objective, Campbell considered returning to Fort Greenville on account of severe frostbite among his troopers. The next morning a sizeable Indian force counterattacked, killing 8 Americans and wounding another 48. Campbell then began the return march to Fort Greenville taking with him the 76 prisoners. During the return trek the American force suffered greatly from frostbite and by the time they reached Fort Greenville on December 28, some 300 of his troops were suffering from frostbite.

The Indian force was only concerned with protecting their lives and winter food supplies. In order to ensure this, they simply needed to stop Campbell’s expedition and force it to return to its base, which they did. Harrison claimed the expedition as a victory because of the prisoners that were taken and contemplated sending another expedition down the Mississinewa despite the fact over half his cavalry was incapacitated either from battle wounds or frostbite. Harrison received approval and appointed Campbell a full-colonel in the Regular army.